An ear infection, often the result due to the attack by a virus, is only curable by a doctor by attending to the symptoms. The infection is also the result of a runny nose, sore throat, and fever. Understanding the symptoms and diagnosing them is crucial for the doctor to offer a treatment that reduces the symptoms responsible for causing an ear infection. The guide provides comprehensive information on how to treat an ear infection.
For doctor, it is imperative to find out the condition of the ear canal and the spread of the disease. The doctor uses an instrument known as an Otoscope to look for the signs and condition of the infection. However, using the device will be difficult if the patient is a toddler. Depending on the symptoms exhibited or as described by the patient, the doctor may also use a pneumatic Otoscope to check for blockings or filling in the middle ear. The device blows a small amount of air towards the eardrum. Due to the force of the air, the drum moves back and forth. If there is any presence of fluid, there will be no movement caused by the drum.
Another method to detect the presence of the infection in the ear is by tympanometry. The process uses air pressure and sound to check for the presence of fluid in the ear. To determine for any hearing loss, an audiologist will carry out a hearing test, if at all it is necessary. In critical cases, where the patient does not show any sign of improvement, a doctor initiates a small operation to collect a sample of the fluid in the ear. The extreme measure is useful and prescribed only for stubborn infections. By eliminating the ear symptoms, it is possible to cure the infections in the ear and clear the passage of the ear canal.
Treating ear infections in babies
No matter how cautious the parents are, children adhere to cold, cough, and fever in their first year. Moreover, these ailments lead to ear infections. Understanding what causes ear infections will be helpful for a parent to prevent their children from suffering from ear problems. The common symptom observed in the babies is Otitis media, which occurs due to swelling of Eustachian tube that blocks the draining of fluid or mucus formed due to cold in the middle ear. Due to the immature immune system, the blocking of the fluid infects with bacteria, leading to the development of infection.
An infection in a baby’s ear subsides within 48 hours naturally. However, doctors prescribe the use of antibiotics in critical cases, where the symptoms persist even after a prolonged period. The standard medication available is ibuprofen or paracetamol. As there is no evidence that use of these drugs initiates speedy recovery, health care providers often leave the decision on time by reviewing the child again after two days.
How to treat ear infections in adults
Doctors may suggest a hearing test in an adult who is suffering from the ear infections repeatedly. Nonetheless, a physician often prescribes the use of antibiotics to treat an ear infection in adults. The therapy depends on the origin of the disease and its location. Usually, adults experience either outer or acute middle ear infections. Reasons for these symptoms are due to viral or bacterial infections. The bacterium travels through the ear canal if the adult is suffering from cold, flu or an allergy. The doctor examines the ear for the disease with the help of the Otoscope. A detailed view of the ear canal and eardrum will contribute to obtaining a better understanding of the illness condition.
Doctors often prescribe Amoxicillin, an antibiotic, which reduces pain and other side effects experienced by the adult due to an ear infection. Curing the disease is feasible without antibiotics only when it fails to clear the bacteria by surgery. The procedure involves placing a tympanostomy tube, a ventilating tube that will help in draining the mucus or fluid blocked in the middle ear. Treating the infections in early stages is essential to prevent severe complications in the future. Delayed treatment causes the formation of cysts, the spread of the disease to the brain tissues, hearing loss, recurrent infection, and meningitis.
Treating ear infections at home
You can treat ear infections at home and gain relief from the pain by following these simple tips:
1. Warm compress provides great relief from the pain caused due to blockage of the ear canal. Steam inhalations also help in providing relief. However, it is imperative to be mindful while inhaling the steam. Ensure protection of eyes before using.
2. Salt is readily available at home. Heat the salt in a pan and place it on a cloth. Seal the fabric or tie a knot using a rubber band. When the cloth temperature reaches acceptable limits, place it over the affected area for at least ten minutes. Repeat the remedy as often as needed.
3. Use two cloves of garlic and sesame oil to prepare garlic oil. Heat the contents until the mixture turns blackish. Pour three to four drops in the infected area. Consuming two or three raw garlic cloves regularly also helps in speeding the recovery process.
4. The presence of wax in the ear also causes infections. A better way to treat it is by using olive oil. Warm little quantity of olive oil in a pan. Pour the drops in the infected ear. The oil softens the wax. Use a cotton bud to remove the softened wax. Be careful while using the swab. Do not enter the swab too deep into the ear, as it can cause damage to the eardrum.
Chop an onion and microwave it for two minutes. Let it settle down to the room temperature. Drain the onion juice and pour three to four drops in the infected ear. Leave the mixture for a few minutes and turn the head to remove the mixture.
Treating ear infections in dogs
Ear infections are common in dogs. They suffer moderate to severe pain. The typical signs are head shaking, scratching, and rubbing the ears. Abnormal odor and redness are other visible signs of the presence of ear infection. Attending to it at the earliest is important to prevent severe complications. Treating the infection is possible by using the cleanser. The process includes pouring the cleanser into the ear canal and massaging the ear using a cotton ball. The cotton ball activates the flow of the solution in the ear canal, absorbs the excess solution, and holds the debris while coming out. One can repeat the process as long as the dog intolerant and until the cotton ball comes out clean.
Read more video: How to Cure an Ear Infection Fast
Keeping the ears clean and attending to any symptoms in early stages will prevent the occurrence of ear infections. A medical student can use Dr Mom Otoscope to view the condition of the infection in the ear and access the treatment. The device is available in different variants, and it is important to choose an appropriate model that best suits the requirement and need.
One of the prevalent causes of ear infection in toddlers, adults, and dogs is bacteria. When coupled with cough, cold, and fever, the bacteria turns violent and blocks the ear canal, holding mucus or fluid. The accumulation of the fluid then develops into infection, which when unattended leads to severe ear problems. A frequent visit to the ear specialist will help in preventing the development of infections and keeping the ear canal clear from debris and wax.
Doctors use Otoscope, a device used to look into the ear. It helps in accessing the condition of the ear canal and eardrum. Based on the symptoms experienced by the patient and the condition, the doctor prescribes antibiotics for a speedy recovery. In critical cases, when the medication fails to cure the problem, the health care provider then moves ahead with surgery, which helps in draining the fluid by placing a ventilating tube in the ear canal. Choosing the best Otoscope is crucial for the doctor. With several manufacturers and models available on the market, deciding on the best is a tedious task. A better way to consider the best in the market is by listing the requirements and budget. The list will narrow the search, making it easy to collect reviews of the products. User reviews play a crucial role in deciding on a particular make and model of Otoscope.
With all the information available in hand, it is now possible to attend to ear problem in its earliest stage. Possessing an Otoscope is also helpful for a family to check the condition of the ears frequently. However, it is important to learn about using the device from a doctor. When using the device on a child, one should follow safety precautions and be cautious to ensure that the speculum of the instrument does not damage the eardrum.
The guide provides complete details about treating ear infections in children, adults, and dogs in detail. Equip with the necessary skills today to fight against ear infections at any time!